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Clinical Psychology Therapies for Veteran Mental Health

Updated: Apr 29

Veterans returning from active military service often face unique challenges that can impact their mental health. These challenges may include post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, anxiety, and traumatic brain injuries. Fortunately, clinical psychology offers various therapies to help veterans cope with these challenges and improve their well-being. This article will explore a range of evidence-based clinical therapies for veteran mental health, including both traditional and alternative approaches.

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is a widely used and evidence-based approach for treating various mental health disorders, including depression, anxiety, and PTSD. CBT focuses on the connection between thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. The goal is to help veterans identify and change maladaptive thinking patterns contributing to their emotional distress and develop healthier coping strategies.

Prolonged Exposure Therapy (PE)

Prolonged exposure therapy (PE) is a specific type of CBT designed to help individuals confront and gradually process traumatic memories. PE is highly effective in treating PTSD, particularly in veterans. The therapy involves repeated exposure to trauma-related memories, thoughts, and feelings in a controlled and safe environment. This approach helps to reduce avoidance and promote emotional processing of the trauma.

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

EMDR is a unique psychotherapy technique that is effective in treating PTSD. The process involves bilateral stimulation, such as eye movements, taps, or tones, while the individual focuses on the traumatic memory. This process helps the brain to reprocess and integrate the traumatic memory, reducing its emotional impact.

Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)

Initially developed for individuals with borderline personality disorder, DBT has been adapted to treat various mental health disorders, including PTSD and depression. DBT teaches individuals skills to regulate emotions, tolerate distress, and improve interpersonal relationships. DBT can be particularly helpful for veterans struggling with emotional dysregulation and impulsivity.

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

ACT is a mindfulness-based therapy that encourages individuals to accept their thoughts and emotions without judgment and to commit to actions that align with their values. ACT promotes psychological flexibility, which can help veterans cope with the challenges of transitioning back to civilian life and managing mental health symptoms.

Group Therapy

Group therapy can be an effective way for veterans to connect with others who have experienced similar challenges. These groups may be focused on specific issues, such as PTSD, depression, or substance use, or they may be more general support groups. Group therapy can help veterans build social connections, develop coping skills, and gain new perspectives on their experiences.

Family and Couples Therapy

Veterans' mental health struggles can impact their relationships with family members and romantic partners. Family and couples therapy can help veterans and their loved ones develop healthier communication patterns, address relationship challenges, and strengthen emotional bonds.

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR)

MBSR is a structured program that teaches mindfulness and meditation techniques to help individuals cope with stress, anxiety, and depression. Research has shown that MBSR can be particularly helpful for veterans in reducing PTSD symptoms and promoting overall mental health.

Art and Music Therapy

Creative therapies like art and music can provide a healthy outlet for veterans to express their emotions and process their experiences. These therapies can help veterans develop new coping skills, increase self-awareness, and foster a sense of accomplishment.

Equine-Assisted Therapy

Working with horses in a therapeutic setting can help veterans develop communication, problem-solving, and emotional regulation skills. Equine-assisted therapy has been shown to improve self-esteem, reduce anxiety, and foster a sense of connection and trust.

Adventure Therapy

Adventure therapy allows veterans to engage in outdoor and adventure-based activities like hiking, rock climbing, or kayaking. These activities can help veterans build confidence, improve mental health, and foster connections with others who share similar experiences. Programs like Outward Bound and Project Healing Waters are examples of organizations that offer adventure therapy for veterans.

Yoga Therapy

Yoga therapy combines physical postures, breathwork, and meditation to promote relaxation, increase body awareness, and foster emotional balance. Research has shown that yoga can be particularly beneficial for veterans, helping to reduce symptoms of PTSD, depression, and anxiety.

Horticultural Therapy

Horticultural therapy involves gardening and working with plants to provide a therapeutic outlet for veterans. Horticultural activities can reduce stress, improve mood, and promote a sense of accomplishment and purpose. This therapy can benefit veterans who enjoy being outdoors and connecting with nature.


Biofeedback is a technique that involves monitoring physiological processes like heart rate, muscle tension, and skin temperature, allowing individuals to learn how to control their body's responses to stress and anxiety. Biofeedback can help veterans develop relaxation and stress management skills that can be particularly useful in managing PTSD symptoms.

Virtual Reality Exposure Therapy (VRET)

VRET uses virtual reality technology to simulate environments and situations that may trigger anxiety or PTSD symptoms. This allows veterans to gradually confront and manage their fears in a controlled and safe setting. VRET is effective in reducing PTSD symptoms and improving overall mental health.

Somatic Experiencing

Somatic Experiencing is a body-oriented therapy focusing on the connection between the body and mind. The goal is to help veterans release stored trauma and restore balance and well-being. This approach can benefit veterans who have experienced physical injuries or struggle with chronic pain.

Sleep Hygiene

Many veterans struggle with sleep disturbances, which can exacerbate mental health challenges. Improving sleep hygiene is essential for overall mental health. Veterans can establish a regular sleep schedule, create a comfortable sleep environment, and practice relaxation techniques before bed.

Peer Support

Peer support involves connecting with others who have faced similar challenges and can provide understanding, empathy, and guidance. Veterans Affairs (VA) facilities, community centers, and online platforms may host peer support groups where veterans can share their experiences and learn from others. Veterans face unique mental health challenges, and providing them with the necessary support and resources to promote their well-being is crucial. Clinical psychology offers a range of evidence-based therapies that can be tailored to each veteran's individual needs. By exploring these various treatment options and working closely with mental health professionals, veterans can find the most effective approaches to improve their mental health and enhance their quality of life.

Imaged provided by Adobe Stock (April 2023).

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